Basketball is a very affordable sport that requires very little equipment and the basic rules are accessible to all.
Here are some basic rules to know to practice or follow basketball. These rules correspond to the 5×5 practice and can therefore vary according to the chosen practice.
1- How long does a match last?
The game consists of 4 periods of 10 minutes separated by an interval of 2 minutes except between the 2nd and 3rd period where the interval is 15 minutes (half time).
In the event of a tie, only one extension is played, then others if necessary until a team wins the match. The extensions are 5 minutes.
2- How do you start a meeting?
Each team must present on the field 5 players in uniform, ready to play, so that the game can begin. Each meeting begins with an in-between.
3- How to score points?
A successful shot in the game counts 2 points inside the 6.25 m zone (or 6.75 m depending on the level of practice) and 3 points outside this zone. A free-throw shot has 1 point.
4- How to evolve with the ball?
The ball is played with the hands within the field, deliberately playing it with the foot or the fist is a violation. The ball is then returned to the opposing team.
To move with the ball, you have to dribble. That is to say, to bounce the ball on the ground with one hand. It is forbidden to dribble again after stopping or touching it with both hands and taking more than two steps without bouncing.
5- How long can you stay in the racket?
A player whose team is in possession of the ball can not stop more than 3 seconds in the racket. The racket is the restrictive zone between the free throw line and the basket.
6- How long does a team have to shoot at the basket?
When a team takes control of the ball on the field, a shot at the basket must be attempted within 24 seconds. The ball must touch the circle for a new period of 24 seconds.
7- What is a personal fault?
A personal foul is an offense that a player commits when he makes an illegal contact with an opponent. A player must not block, hold, push, charge, hook an opponent. To hinder his progress otherwise than with his torso or to advance in contact with the opponent is a fault. It is forbidden to use contact with his arms, shoulders, hips, knees or brutal means to hinder the opponent.
If the contact is penalized by the referee, the player who is the victim of the offense then benefits from a repair in the following cases:
– If the player did not shoot: throw in play behind the nearest touch line.
– If the player shot and he missed the basket: 2 or 3 free-throws depending on the value of the attempted shot
– If the player was shooting and he managed the basket: basket granted and an additional free-throw
These few rules will allow you to discover the practice of basketball, if you wish to deepen your knowledge the Federal Commission of Officials puts at your disposal the Official regulation of Basketball game .
For more information on training for officials, contact your Departmental Committee or your Regional League.
Competitions are governed by all official regulations published by the FFBB and published each year in its official directory.